Previously we have published and uploaded an animation on understanding Speculative Design through animation whereby the character, Siti explores through the ‘Provocation’ door. Find out more about Speculative Design as a new character, Roshan explores through the ‘Shapes of the Future’ door. Animation comes with Malay and Mandarin subtitle as well as closed captions in English.
ProtoPolicyAsia had a one-day Speculative Design Seminar at Sunway University on 21st January 2020. The aim was to share Speculative Design as a possible tool for policy-making with ageing as primary focus. Seminar participants included our very own Champions, local government agencies, as well as ASEAN and Nepal representatives involved in policy-making.
During the first part of the seminar, participants were given an introduction by Assoc Prof Yong Min Hooi on ‘Ageing in Asia: what does this mean now and in the future’.
Following that, Dr Emmanuel Tsekleves gave a brief history of ProtoPolicy and introduced the prototypes as examples for policy testing.
In the afternoon session, the participants started off in building scenarios using “What If…”. To expedite the process, we gave them two options listed below.
- Scenario A: 75% of the population is over 60 years old
- Scenario B: A mandatory retirement village is part of national policy
Participants were given some examples that might help them consider the possibilities stemming from Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal, Environment (PESTLE).
The What-If session quickly led to building a possible prototype / artefact with a strong focus on using emergent technology. Engaging discussions with lots of possibilities were clearly evident as each group considered the plausible outcomes before deciding on their preferred prototype. Each team member then presented their group prototype to the others. A sharing practice and discussion then took place on how these activities can be implemented back at their workplace.
ProtoPolicyAsia team hoped the participants found the seminar useful for their respective projects and will disseminate and share the information and knowledge with their colleagues and organisation upon their return. For future collaboration, please contact Dr Emmanuel Tsekleves or Assoc Prof Yong Min Hooi.
ProtoPolicyAsia had conducted a few dissemination events to showcase its prototypes which were developed together with the older adults.
The prototypes are:
- Travel Buddy
- Malaysian High Priority Bus (MHPB) & Transport Payment and Priority Seat Allocation System (TPAPSAS)
Watch the video below on public reaction for TPAPSAS
These prototypes were showcase at a few community centres as well as at Sunway University to get community and public feedbacks.
Questions that were asked:
- Do you think this app is necessary for older adults? Yes / No / Maybe.
- What changes are necessary to accommodate this app into daily life?
- If this is to be implemented for the Ministry of Transport – what would you recommend as points to support this?
- What do you find most surprising about the travel app?
- Is this app something that older adults you know would want? Why or why not?
- If this app were widely used, how would it impact our society?
- What do you think the government will need to do to either make this reality or stop it from happening?
Video during the Co-designing Workshop involving Persons with Disabilities – Accessibility and Education held on 17th September 2019 at Sunway Clio hotel. Participants were introduced to speculative design and its potential use in disability research and education.
Following the Co-Designing Workshop with Community Members held on 3rd July 2019, ProtoPolicyAsia ran a Design Clinic with Older Adults (OA) on 16th October at Sunway University. Seven prototypes had been developed at the earlier workshop and were subsequently voted on by workshop facilitators and Champions. From these seven prototypes, the ‘travel kiosk’ were chosen for further development at the design clinic.
The OA group was given the task of building upon the travel kiosk idea to design objects, stories, and experiences that would help others understand how OAs experience travel and what it means to them. They began by exploring how young adults, middle-aged adults, and government actors experience and understand transport and the gaps in understanding OAs needs. From there, the participants considered two future scenarios:
- Scenario A: 50% of the world’s population consists of OAs, and
- Scenario B: To combat climate change, all privately owned transport has been banned and all travel is taken via public transport.
The participants considered what role the ‘travel kiosk’ would play in these future scenarios and how they would want to use such a devise. These explorations highlighted the importance of transport to OA’s social identity and self-perceptions of independence.
Using the preliminary designs and other inputs given by the OA groups, ProtoPolicyAsia is working on a portfolio of pieces that will tell their stories. When ready, the prototypes will be released to the public through a number of public events to obtain citizen’s and policy-maker’s response to these ideas. So stay tuned…
Following the 17th September 2019 workshop with Persons with Disabilities (PwDs), we ran two design clinics on October 1st and 2nd at Sunway Clio Hotel. The first group included blind participants whereas the second group included the deaf. Both clinics put the participants through their paces by combining futurology methods with fast prototyping approaches. Further, the participants were asked to consider the social impact (and consequence) of their proposed prototypes.
The October 1 clinic centred on training teachers in the implementation of creative STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) education. A subsidiary of this project is a proposal for developing a master creative lesson plan. Much of the clinic time was spent considering the present probable and plausible (and some possible) scenarios relating to current policy implementations and existing policy possibilities.
The participants found that the lack of diversity in the teaching body and insufficient teacher preparation had led to the systematic exclusion of sensory-disabled students from STEM subjects at the school level, despite policies that suggest otherwise. They were interested in the realization of universal design in science education that could allow for a more inclusive approach to the teaching of STEM at all levels. The group of that there has not been much work done on STEM education and the disabled in the Malaysian context.
The clinic on October 2 focuses on education for the deaf. A key issue is a national policy of using of Kod Tangan Bahasa Malaysia (KTBM) instead of Bahasa Isyarat Malaysia (BIM) in schools. BIM is a unique language developed by the Malaysian deaf community and is well-suited to their communication needs whereas KTBM is a code (not a language) that signifies Bahasa Malaysia. While KTBM was intended to help deaf students learn Bahasa Malaysia grammar, the deaf community finds it laborious to use, unintuitive, and less effective at communicating meaning than BIM—making KTBM an obstacle to teaching and learning.
Much of the clinic time was spent on helping hearing participants understand the differences between BIM and KTBM and the experience of their deaf counterparts in using the language and the code. The group continued to explore a process for transitioning to BIM, the needs of deaf students who have additional sensory or learning disabilities, and the integration of hearing and deaf students (including exposing hearing students to BIM from primary school).
The participants of both clinics have since taken their respective prototype proposals online as they continue to collaborate, where they will not merely be working with each other, but are reaching out to other stakeholders and experts with similar interests. Besides the original participants who continued from the September 17th workshop, we have additional participants, from both academia and Ministries, who were intentionally brought in to lend perspectives that would contribute to a deepened consideration and refinement of the proposals.
Watch this space for future reveals.
ProtoPolicyAsia successfully hosted a one-day “Co-designing Workshop involving Persons with Disabilities – Accessibility and Education” on 17 September 2019 at Sunway Clio Hotel. A total of 12 participants attended the workshop; with two participants representing the Deaf Community, two participants representing the Visually Impaired Community and one representing the physically challenged.
The workshop is centred on exploring how the PWDs and special needs education could be part of the educational mainstream, with proposals that could be developed for implementation at the policy level. From this workshop, we envision subsequent workshops that involve co-designing the adaptation of speculative design to participatory design involving specific PWD communities.
The workshop began with an introduction to speculative design and its potential use in disability research and education. Participants were provoked to identify main themes on disability that will be used throughout the workshop based on the questions that were provided to them prior to the workshop. Following that, they worked in groups to map out disability issues they have identified as unresolved in the consideration of accessibility and education.
Following the mind-mapping exercise, the identified issues were grouped into few pillars; Expertise, Infrastructure, Resources, Priorities, and Disability & Culture. Next, the groups moved on to co-design problem framing by co-creating problem statements that could be worked on with the use of speculative design. They were again challenged to think outside of the box using the 4Ps future cone concepts of the “Possible, Plausible, Probable, and Preferable”. At the end of the session, both groups present their prototype ideas.
We are planning to conduct a “Design Clinic” with the participants to further refine the prototypes that were developed during the workshop. We aim to showcase some of the prototype(s) in the upcoming public dissemination events.
More details to follow and for more information please contact Liza (lizaht[at]sunway.edu.my / 60137678897) and Dr Yong (mhyong[at]sunway.edu.my / 03-7491 8622 ext 7165).
Find out our workshop participants thoughts on Speculative Design technique used during the Speculative Design for Policy-Making Workshop on 29th April and 2nd May 2019.
What is Speculative Design? Find out more from the animation below and at the The ImaginAging Project page. Animation is updated with Malay and Mandarin subtitle as well as closed captions in English
ProtoPolicyAsia hosted a half-day “Futurology Workshop” on 16 August 2019 at iLabs Makerspace at Sunway University, an extension to the “Champions Workshop” and “Co-designing Workshop with Community Members” held in July 2019.
The workshop was attended by Champions from the previous workshop, students, and Sunway University academics. The workshop aimed to introduce its participants to theories and practice of future through a curated series of activities to impart participants with some future thinking skills. The workshop ended with a game play as a microsimulation of the process of future thinking.
Mapping Trends and Signals
The workshop began with the Mapping Trends and Signals led by Ringo Harrison. This exercise continued over the duration of the workshop, prior to the final activity, where participants were asked to map their understanding of futures in a cumulative exercise. Participants were divided into two groups and tasked with developing two maps on categories, signals and trends, which ends with the development of policy recommendations. It was at the end of all lectures that the participants consolidated their maps and presented their findings.
Futures “Lightning Talk”
The next session involves a series of Futures “Lightning Talk” by four invited speakers who are academics from Sunway University; Distinguished Prof David Bradley, head of the Centre for Biomedical Physics , A/Prof Lau Sian Lun, head of the Department of Computing and Information Systems, A/Prof Gopalasamy Reuben Clements, co-founder and vice-president of Rimba, and Dr Goh Yi Sheng, senior lecturer at the Department of Art & Design.
Prof Bradley’s talk discusses “Inhabiting Hostile World” and shared his expertise on radiation physics to a broader consideration of technologies for dealing with a hostile radioactive world. A/Prof Lau discussed, through the “The Future in ICT,” about changes across time, its affect in communication that included a take-home message: “let future ICT connects us, but not control us.” Biodiversity conservationist, A/Prof Clements used repeat of a dystopic past in possible futures to jolt participants to consider more seriously, the “Future of Forests” by using the motif of the computer short-cut keys, “CTRL-ALT-DEL” to present how the present could be reset to create a forest-friendly future. Dr Goh introduced participants to the “Future of Design” by bringing AI to the design of human connectivity. The presentations were interjected with 2-minute Q&A before the speakers came together as a panel, at the end, to position their respective lectures within the context of the future of policies.
Different Strategies of Future-Thinking
The next session was led by Dr Clarissa Lee on “Different Strategies of Future-Thinking”. The session was divided into five sections which are, foresight approaches, emergence vs. disruption, timelines and scaling, futures in policy, and ethics. The objective was to inform participants with existing methodologies of foresight to scaffold the lightning talks session.
Gaming the Future
Ho Yi Jian led the last session,“Gaming the Future” not merely to field-test the prototype of a game designed to expose players to the experience of speculative design, but also served to consolidate the overall learning process.
For more information please contact Liza (lizaht[at]sunway.edu.my / 60137678897) and Dr Yong (mhyong[at]sunway.edu.my / 03-7491 8622 ext 7165).